America

May 23, 2017

North Carolina Redistricting Unconstitutional: SC


US-SC

On May 22, the US Supreme Court ruled that North Carolina's redistricting was unconstitutional. North Carolina officials redrew two congressional districts after the 2010 census, neither of which had a majority black voting-age population, but "both consistently elected the candidates preferred by most African-American voters."

To comply with the one-person-one-vote standard, District 1 needed to add nearly 100,000 people. Most of the people added were "from heavily black areas of Durham—increasing the district's BVAP from 48.6 % to 52.7 %." District 12 was also reconfigured, increasing African-American voters from 43.8 %to 50.7%.

“The state "made no attempt to justify race-based districting there," the court said.

In a dissenting opinion, Justice Samuel Alito cited a previous state court lawsuit concerning North Carolina's District 12 and argued that the court "junks a rule adopted in a prior, remarkably similar challenge to this very same congressional district."

However, the court said that "North Carolina's victory in a similar state-court lawsuit does not dictate the disposition of this case."

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